Kheshte Kham - Ebrahim Yazdi

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Interview Hossein Dehbashi with Ebrahim Yazdi

Yazdi was born in Qazvin on 3 October 1931.[2][3] He studied pharmacology at the University of Tehran.[3] Then he received a master's degree in philosophy again from the University of Tehran.[4]

After the military coup of 1953, which deposed the government of Mohammad Mossadegh, Yazdi joined the underground National Resistance Movement of Iran, and was active in this organization from 1953 to 1960. This organization opposed to the Shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Yazdi traveled to the United States in 1961[5] to continue his education and in the US, continued his involvement in political activities against the Shah.

He was cofounder of the Freedom Movement of Iran, Abroad, along with Mostafa Chamran, Ali Shariati, and Sadegh Qotbzadeh in 1961. They were all part of the radical external wing of the group.[6] In 1963, Yazdi, Chamran and Ghotbzadeh went to Egypt and met the authorities to establish an anti-Shah organization in the country, which was later called SAMA, special organization for unity and action.[6] Chamran was chosen as its military head before returning to the US.[6] In 1966, Yazdi moved headquarters of SAMA to Beirut.[6] In 1967, he enrolled at Baylor University and received a PhD in biochemistry.[4]

In 1975, Yazdi was tried in absentia in an Iranian military court and condemned to ten years imprisonment, with orders issued for his arrest upon return to Iran. Because of his activities, he was unable to return to Iran and remained in the United States until July 1977.[4] He became a naturalized US citizen in Houston in 1971.[5] When Ayatollah Khomenei moved to Neauphle-le-Château an Parisian suburb from Iraq in 1978, Yazdi also went to Neauphle-le-Château and began to serve as an advisor to the Ayatollah.[7] He was also his spokesperson in Paris.[5]

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